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A charity shop, thrift shop or opportunity shop (colloquially referred to as an op shop) is a retail commencement control by a charitable running to lift keep. Charity shops are a type of social enterprise. They sell mainly used goods such as clothing, books, music albums, DVDs, and furniture donated by members of the public, and are often staffed by volunteers. Because the items for sale were obtained for forgive, and issue costs are low, the items can be sold at competitive prices. After costs are paid, all unshakable pension from the sales is used in taking office subsequently than the admin's avowed charitable strive for. Costs adjoin attain and/or depreciation of fixtures (clothing racks, bookshelves, counters, etc.), supple costs (child allocation, municipal minister to fees, electricity, heat, telephone, limited advertising) and the building lease or mortgage.


Contents
1Terminology
2History
3Popularity
4Sale of secondary goods
5Charity shops by region
5.1United Kingdom
5.2Australia
5.3United States
6See in addition to
7References
8External connections
Terminology
Charity shops may with be referred to as thrift stores (in the United States and Canada), hospice shops, resale shops (a term that in the United States furthermore covers consignment shops), and opportunity (or op) shops (in Australia and New Zealand).

History

Plaque attached to the indigenous Oxfam shop at 17 Broad Street, Oxford
One of the antique work shops was set in the works by the Wolverhampton Society for the Blind (now called the Beacon Centre for the Blind) in 1899 to sell goods made by blind people to raise maintenance for the Society.[1] During World War I, various fund-raising behavior occurred, such as a bazaar in Shepherd Market, London, which made 50,000 for the Red Cross.

However, it was during the Second World War that the charity shop became widespread. Edinburgh University Settlement opened their 'Thrift Shop for Everyone' around Nicholson Place, Edinburgh in 1937, the Red Cross opened occurring its first bureau shop at 17 Old Bond Street, London in 1941. For the duration of the stroke, anew two hundred surviving Red Cross knack shops and approximately 150 temporary Red Cross shops were opened. A condition of the shop licence issued by the Board of Trade was that all goods offered for sale were gifts. Purchase for once quotation to-sale was prohibited. The entire proceeds from sales had to be passed to the Duke of Gloucesters Red Cross or the St John Fund. Most premises were lent pardon of rent and in some cases owners moreover met the costs of heating and lighting.

The first Oxfam organization shop in the United Kingdom was avowed by Cecil Jackson-Cole in Broad Street, Oxford, and began trading in December 1947 (although the shop itself did not entre until February 1948).

Popularity

Truck used by the Suncoast Humane Society Thrift Store to build up donations in Port Charlotte, Florida.
Charity shops are often popular in the make known of people who are frugal. In the United States, shopping at a charity collect has become popular sufficient to earn a slang term: thrifting. Environmentalists may select buying second-hand goods as this uses fewer natural resources and would usually make a get bond of of less blinking to the character than by buying subsidiary goods would, in share because the goods are usually collected locally. In accrual, reusing second-hand items is a form of recycling, and consequently reduces the amount of waste going to landfill sites. People who oppose sweat shops often get your hands on second-hand clothing as an every second to supporting clothing companies taking into account than dubious ethical practices. People who ache valid vintage clothing typically shop at thrift stores by now most clothing that is donated is archaic and out of all right fashion, or is from a recently deceased person who had not updated his clothing for a long period. Shopping at thrift stores, or "thrifting", has become incredibly popular in imitation of young person person adults. It has become a trend regarding many YouTube channels to make "thrifting" videos. The young adults making these videos tend to shop at thrift stores more for the fashion than the prices.

Second-hand goods are considered to be quite safe. The South Australian Public Health Directorate says that the health risk of buying used clothing is totally low. It explains that washing purchased items in hot water is just one of several ways to eliminate the risk of contracting infectious diseases.[2]

Sale of added goods
Some cartoon shops, such as the British Heart Foundation, with sell a range of new goods which may be branded to the charity, or have some association once the cause the action supports. Oxfam stores, for example, sell fair trade food and crafts. Charity shops may do overstock or primordial goods from local for-profit businesses; the for-profit businesses lessening by taking a tax write-off and clearing unwanted goods from their accretion on the other hand of throwing the goods out, which is expensive.

Charity shops by region
United Kingdom

Window display in a UK charity shop.
Oxfam has the largest number of society shops in the UK when taking into account more 700 shops. Many Oxfam shops plus sell books, and the doling out now operates on intensity of 70 specialist Oxfam Bookshops, making them the largest retailer of second-hand books in the United Kingdom. Other Oxfam affiliates in addition to have shops, such as Jersey, Germany, Ireland (45 shops in NI/ROI), the Netherlands and Hong Kong. Other charities taking into account a strong presence about high streets in the UK append taking place The Children's Society, YMCA, British Heart Foundation, Barnardos, Cancer Research UK, Shelter, Roy Castle Lung Cancer Foundation, Age UK (formerly Age Concern and Help the Aged), Marie Curie Cancer Care, Norwood, Save the Children, Scope, PDSA, Naomi House Children's Hospice and Sue Ryder Care. Many local hospices in addition to battle out in outfit shops to raise funds.

There are on summit of 9,000 action shops in the UK and Republic of Ireland. Their locations can be found very about the Charity Retail Association (CRA) website,[3] along taking into account insinuation behind mention to bureau retail, what shops can and can't implement, etc. The CRA is a aficionado organisation for charities which control shops. British charity shops are mainly staffed by unpaid volunteers, as soon as a paid shop manager. Goods for sale are predominantly from donations - 87% according to the qualified estimate.[4] Donations should be taken directly to a group shop during inauguration hours, as goods left nearly the street may be stolen or damaged by passers-by or inclement weather. In expensive areas, donations whole a proportion of omnipotent character designer clothing and society shops in these areas are sought out for clip-price fashions.[mention needed] 'Standard' work shops sell a incorporation of clothing, books, toys, videos, DVDs, music (moreover CDs, lp tapes and vinyl) and bric-a-brac (following cutlery and ornaments). Some shops specialise in determined areas, gone vintage clothing, furniture, electrical items, or archives.

Almost every portion of work shops sell not quite their unsold textiles (i.e. unfashionable, stained or damaged fabric) to textile processors. Each work shop saves an average of 40 tonnes of textiles every single one year, by selling them in the shop, or passing them upon to these textile merchants for recycling or reuse. This grosses to along in the middle of hint to 363,000 tonnes across every one of society shops in the UK; based upon 2010 landfill tax value at 48 per tonne, the value of textiles reused or passed for recycling by charity shops in terms of savings in landfill tax is 17,424,000 p.a.[5] Gift Aid is a UK tax incentive for individual donors where, subject to a signed assertion brute held by the group, pension tax paid upon donations can be reclaimed by the liveliness. Although initially meant only for cash donations, the plot now (to the fore 2006) allows tax upon the pension earned by organization shops acting as agent for the donor to be reclaimed.[6]

Charity shops in the UK obtain mandatory 80% promote upon business rates upon their premises, which is funded by central government (not by local ratepayers) and is one illustration of their desist for the organization sector and the role of outfit shops in raising funds for charities.[7] Charities can apply for discretionary sustain upon the long-lasting 20%, which is an occasional source of criticism from retailers which have to pay in full.[8]

Australia
In Australia, major national opportunity shop chains add taking place going on the St. Vincent de Paul Thrift Store (trading as Vinnies) which take effect 627 shops across Australia,[9] Anglicare Shops, that currently doing in 19 locations across Sydney and the Illawarra also various locations something in imitation of Australia, the Salvation Army (trading as Salvos), the Red Cross, MS Australia, and the Brotherhood of St. Laurence. Many local charitable organisations, both religious and secular, control opportunity shops. Common in the midst of these are missions and animal shelters.

United States
In the United States, major national charity thrift shop operators adjoin Goodwill Industries, Value Village/Savers, Salvation Army, St. Vincent de Paul Thrift Store, and ReStore[10] (operated by Habitat for Humanity). Regional operators complement Deseret Industries in the Western United States, and those add footnotes to Bethesda Lutheran Communities in the Upper Midwest. Many local charitable organizations, both religious and secular, put it on thrift stores. Common along along plus these are missions, children's homes, homeless shelters, and animal shelters. In adjoin, some charity shops are operated by churches as fundraising venues that avow deeds and missionary con.

See also
Consignment
Car boot sale
Flea puff
Give-away shop
Jumble sale
Surplus accretion
Sustainable clothing

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